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Caroline Ramsay interview


Caroline Ramsay (1904-1992) was a civil rights activist and a Republican candidate for Congress in 1962. From 1947 to 1951, she was the president of the Baltimore League of Women Voters and in 1964 she served on the Baltimore City Charter Revision Commission. In this oral history interview, Ramsay discusses her initial involvement in politics and her time as the Vice President of the Baltimore Urban League. She describes the efforts to end segregation in public spaces, such as the Ford and Lyric theaters, restaurants, and the department stores Hutzler’s and Hochschild Kohn. As a member of the Citizens Planning and Housing Association (CPHA), Ramsay discusses her work to combat blockbusting, a practice in which real estate agents and developers would convince white residents to sell their homes at below-market prices, so that they could in turn sell the properties to the Black community at inflated prices.




Contributor(s) Notes

Narrator: Caroline Ramsay
Interviewer: Mrs. William Cunningham

Production Note

The McKeldin-Jackson Project was an effort to examine the Maryland civil rights movement of the mid-20th century through the medium of oral history by focusing on the roles played by pioneering freedom fighter Lillie May Carroll Jackson and Theodore R. McKeldin, who was Mayor of Baltimore (1943-1947, 1963-1967), Governor of Maryland (1951-1959), and an advocate for civil rights. The project was sponsored by the Maryland Historical Society and was supported in part by a grant from the Maryland Committee for the Humanities and Public Policy.


Object ID

OH 8020


Audio: 90 minutes
Transcript: 21 pages

Catalog Number

OH 8020

Resource ID


Digital Publisher

Digital resource provided by the Maryland Center for History and Culture


This digital material is made available here for private study, scholarship, and research. Commercial and other uses are prohibited without the permission of the Maryland Center for History and Culture. For more information, visit the MCHC’s Reproductions and Permissions web page.