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Dr. J. E. T. Camper interview


Dr. John Emory Touissant Camper (1894-1997) was a Maryland physician, veteran, and civil rights activist who devoted his career to seeking racial justice and equality. He was an instrumental leader of the Baltimore Branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and other civil rights organizations such as the Citizens Committee for Justice and the Baltimore Committee on Non-Segregation. In this oral history interview, Camper recounts his experience organizing picketing protests on Pennsylvania Avenue in Baltimore, Maryland and working with freedom fighter Lillie May Carroll Jackson on efforts to confront discriminatory practices and support African American voting registration. He discusses his part in organizing the 1942 March on Annapolis, which was the first mass demonstration for civil rights at the state capital. Additionally, Camper provides insight into the atmosphere within the NAACP and the tension that existed between the NAACP and the Urban League.




Contributor(s) Notes

Narrator: J. E. T. Camper
Interviewer: Leroy Graham

Production Note

The McKeldin-Jackson Project was an effort to examine the Maryland civil rights movement of the mid-20th century through the medium of oral history by focusing on the roles played by pioneering freedom fighter Lillie May Carroll Jackson and Theodore R. McKeldin, who was Mayor of Baltimore (1943-1947, 1963-1967), Governor of Maryland (1951-1959), and an advocate for civil rights. The project was sponsored by the Maryland Historical Society and was supported in part by a grant from the Maryland Committee for the Humanities and Public Policy.


Object ID

OH 8134


Audio: 95 minutes
Transcript: 55 pages

Catalog Number

OH 8134

Resource ID


Digital Publisher

Digital resource provided by the Maryland Center for History and Culture


This digital material is made available here for private study, scholarship, and research. Commercial and other uses are prohibited without the permission of the Maryland Center for History and Culture. For more information, visit the MCHC’s Reproductions and Permissions web page.