The Founding of Maryland
DescriptionOil on canvas painting: "The Founding of Maryland", 1861, by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. This painting romantically depicts the 1634 landing of Maryland's colonists at St. Mary's City, the colony's first capital. Father Andrew White (1579-1656), the Jesuit priest who accompanied the settlers, is depicted blessing a group of American Indians and colonists. The "Ark" and the "Dove", the vessels that carried the colonists, are seen at the right. Leonard Calvert, brother of Cecil Calvert, the second Baron of Baltimore who founded the colony, is included in the scene. Leutze also incorporates a Tudor house under construction in the background, one of the many historical inaccuracies in the composition.