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Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr interview


Clarence Maurice Mitchell Jr. (1911-1984) served as the chief lobbyist to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for nearly 30 years after earlier positions as NAACP Labor Secretary and Director of the NAACP Washington Bureau. Mitchell begins his oral history interview with a discussion about consciousness of racial discrimination in his youth and recollections about his early education in Baltimore, Maryland. Mitchell describes his post-college work as a reporter for the Afro-American newspaper, including covering the 1933 lynching of George Armwood in Princess Anne, Maryland, as well as the trial of the Scottsboro Boys, which began in 1931 in Scottsboro, Alabama. He speaks to his work with the National Youth Administration, National Urban League, and full-time entry into civil right works. Mitchell comments on the impacts of churches, the Afro-American, and the NAACP on the civil rights movement in Baltimore, discusses segregation, and the influence of freedom fighter Lillie May Carroll Jackson, among other topics.

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Contributor(s) Notes

Narrator: Clarence M. Mitchell, Jr
Interviewer: Charles Wagandt

Production Note

The McKeldin-Jackson Project was an effort to examine the Maryland civil rights movement of the mid-20th century through the medium of oral history by focusing on the roles played by pioneering freedom fighter Lillie May Carroll Jackson and Theodore R. McKeldin, who was Mayor of Baltimore (1943-1947, 1963-1967), Governor of Maryland (1951-1959), and an advocate for civil rights. The project was sponsored by the Maryland Historical Society and was supported in part by a grant from the Maryland Committee for the Humanities and Public Policy.


Object ID

OH 8209


Audio: 76 minutes
Transcript: 51 pages

Catalog Number

OH 8209

Resource ID


Digital Publisher

Digital resource provided by the Maryland Center for History and Culture


This digital material is made available here for private study, scholarship, and research. Commercial and other uses are prohibited without the permission of the Maryland Center for History and Culture. For more information, visit the MCHC’s Reproductions and Permissions web page.