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Medical scalpel with white ivory handle owned by General Richard N. Bowerman (1831-1920) during the Civil War. Bowerman served during the Civil War, first as a captain in the 11th New York Volunteer Infantry, then as colonel and commander of the 4th Maryland Volunteer Infantry. He was brevetted brigadier general, US Volunteers on April 1, 1865 for "gallantry and good conduct at the battle of Five Forks, Va.". He served in the United States Regular Army until he resigned in 1867 with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Bowerman was wounded near the Weldon Railroad in Virginia on August 21, 1864. It is possible that this instrument was used in the medical care he received that day.



circa 1861-1865


Ivory, metal


3.75 L inches

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Resource ID


Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. Richard Zerbe

Digital Publisher

Digital resource provided by the Maryland Center for History and Culture


This digital image is made available here for private study, scholarship, and research. Commercial and other uses are prohibited without the permission of the Maryland Center for History and Culture. For more information, visit the MCHC’s Reproductions and Permissions web page.